Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection of the gums and bone around the teeth. This infection, if not treated, can lead to recession of the gums and bone support around the teeth. This eventually results in loss of the teeth. The infection is caused by poor oral hygiene allowing the buildup of plaque, calculus, and harmful bacteria. Research has shown that periodontal infections can contribute to incidences like heart disease, diabetes, and stroke.
Factors Contributing To Periodontal Disease:
- Poor oral hygiene
- Genetic factors
- Systemic Disease
- Clenching or grinding of teeth
Signs and Symptoms:
- Red, swollen and bleeding gums
- Sore or painful gum tissue
- Receding gums- leading to tooth sensitivity
- Mobile or loose teeth
- Bad breath
- A change in your bite
- Increase of space between your teeth
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and root planing is done to improve periodontal health of the soft tissues and bone attachment of teeth. It involves removal of calculus (tartar) and smoothing of the root surfaces under the gum tissue (deep cleaning).